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Trek to Annapurna Base Camp: A Complete Guide in 2023

If you are a trekking enthusiast, high chances are that you have heard about Nepal for its incredible trekking destinations. The country is home to some of the best trekking destinations in the world, seducing trekkers from all around the world to experience a once-in-a-lifetime journey.  

Among the many amazing treks in Nepal, the trek to Annapurna Base Camp is successful in creating its own place in the hearts of the trekkers with its unique trekking trails. Distinct from other trekking destinations, the Annapurna Base Camp trekking trails are mostly covered with a diverse range of landscapes that includes unique flora and fauna. Plus, the trekking time is shorter too, making it perfect for those who are looking to relish the astonishing Himalayas but are time bound.   

If you are also looking forward to picking Annapurna Base camp as your trekking destination to immerse yourself in astonishing nature, then you have landed on the right page. In this article, we present you with Annapurna Base Camp Trek Guide as we cover everything you need to know before embarking on the ABC trek in Nepal.

Annapurna Base Camp trek overview

The Annapurna Base Camp trek is all about trekking in the heart of the Annapurna massif surrounded by jaw-dropping Himalayan views. The trekking trails pass through a diverse range of landscapes and terrains where lush green alpine, bamboo, and rhododendron forest keeps you enticed throughout your journey. As you reach higher, you will arrive at Annapurna sanctuary, a naturally wonderful place where you are surrounded by some of the highest snow-capped mountains in the world, which includes Annapurna I, Machhapuchhre, and Annapurna South.

In addition to natural wonders, a hike to Annapurna Base camp is also an opportunity for you to experience the unique lifestyle of traditional Nepalese villages. These authentic villages are inhabited by indigenous communities such as Magar, Thakkali, Gurung, and Loba. Each settlement has unique costumes, traditions, and languages. During your stay, you will get to interact with the locals and experience their unique way of life. Their beautifully built traditional houses made of mud and stones, terraced fields, and animal farming offers you a staggering glimpse of life in the arms of the Himalayas.  

You will commence your journey to Annapurna base camp from Pokhara, which itself is known for offering incredible naturally beautiful scenarios. From the picturesque town, you will have a glimpse of the stunning view of the Annapurna region from a distance.  

In general, you will take around 7 to 14 days to complete the Annapurna Base camp trekking, depending on the chosen itinerary. You will find the trekking days moderately challenging as you will walk on numerous steep ascents and descents, and rocky paths. Plus, there is always the risk of altitude sickness, slips, and trips alongside unpredictable weather when you trek in the high Himalayan region. With the right preparation and planning, it is easy for you to overcome these challenges and risks and make the most of a life-inspiring ABC trek, while also ensuring safety. So, how to prepare for the Annapurna base camp trek? We will find out next.  

Preparing for Trek to Annapurna Base Camp

Annapurna Base camp trekking is good to go for both beginner and experienced trekkers. However, it does demand physical and mental preparation for all. So, we encourage you to take the time to prepare well to ensure an enjoyable and comfortable trek. Here we have some useful tips for you to prepare for the ABC trek. Let’s check on them.  

Physical fitness requirements

On each trekking day, you will be walking for several hours with some steep ascents and descents. Therefore, Annapurna Base camp trekking requires you to have a good level of fitness. We encourage you to start working on your fitness 12 to 16 weeks before you embark on the trekking trails. Engaging in regular physical activities such as jogging, hiking, cycling, or swimming can do great to achieve physical fitness during your trekking days. In addition, cardio exercises can help you increase your stamina and achieve muscle endurance. So, give time for those activities, it will certainly make your trek much easier. 

What to pack?

Intelligent packing matters for the trek to Annapurna. This is because if you leave out essential gears and equipment behind, then you may have to encounter numerous challenges and risks. On the other hand, over-packing also leads to difficulties. So, pack wisely. 

Your right packing starts with the right backpack as you will be carrying all the necessary gear and equipment in it. A backpack of 40 to 50 L would be an ideal choice. However, we recommend checking it prior to your trekking days. Test whether it is suitable for all the necessary items or not. So, what to include in your backpack? Here is the list of important packing.

  • Comfortable and sturdy hiking shoes.
  • Warm and waterproof clothes.
  • First aid kits and basic medicines.
  • Sun protection gear including sunscreen and hat.
  • Hiking pants or tights. 
  • A light jacket or fleece jacket 
  • Gloves 
  • Light snacks  

Permits and fees

Annapurna base camp trekking routes lie inside the Annapurna Conservation Area, which requires you to obtain permits for an entrance. The two permits to obtain from the government authority includes – The Annapurna Conservation Area Permit (ACAP) and Trekkers’ Information Management System (TIMS). 

You can get the permits from the Nepal Tourism Board office, in Kathmandu or the Trekking Agencies Association of Nepal (TAAN), Pokhara. To apply, you are required to submit 2 passport-size photos and a copy of your passport. Also, you will need to provide a fee for the permits at the time of applying. The permission cost varies depending on the nationality of the trekkers. Here are the details regarding the permit fees.

  • ACAP Permit fees
Nationality Cost per person
Non-SAARC countriesNPR 3000 (US $25)
SAARC countriesNPR 1000 (US $8)
  • TIMS Permit fees for SAARC countries 
Trekker Cost per person
Individual TrekkerNPR 600 (US $5)
Group TrekkerNPR 300
  • TIMS Permit fees for Non – SAARC countries
Trekker Cost per person
Individual TrekkerNPR 2000 (US $17)
Group TrekkerNPR 1000 (US $8)

Safety precautions

As we mentioned earlier, trekking in the high Himalayan region involves a certain degree of risk. Therefore, it becomes important to consider the safety precautions before commencing the journey on Annapurna Base Camp trekking. To ensure a safe journey, here are some useful tips to consider.

  • Always choose a licensed guide and a porter. They will not only guide you on safety but also help to eliminate and manage the consequences in the occurrence of unfortunate incidents.
  • Make sure to stay hydrated. This will help you keep your body energized. Also, it is key to preventing altitude sickness.
  • Always follow a healthy and balanced diet to avoid the risks of sickness and illness.
  • Do not rush on trekking trails. Make sure to acclimatize properly before ascending to higher altitudes. 

Best time to do the Annapurna Base Camp trek

While the Annapurna Base camp trek is open for all months in a year, there certainly is a time of the year, when you make the most of your trek. Autumn (September to November) and spring seasons (March to May), in particular, are considered the best times to do the Annapurna base camp trek.  

In the spring seasons, the wildflowers bloom to add beauty to your trekking trails with vibrant flowers welcoming you all around. The temperatures are also mild and pleasant, making it comfortable for you to trek.  

In autumn, you will find the trekking route to be busy as it is considered the best time of the year for the ABC trek. This season is considered perfect both in terms of scenic views and climate conditions. The skies are usually clear with dry weather, which presents stunning views of sky-touching mountains in the region. However, the best seasons also mean the busiest seasons. Therefore, you can expect the trekking trails to be crowded. Be ready for it.  

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Different routes of ABC trek

Wonder how to go to Annapurna base camp following the best seasons of the year? Well, there are two different routes – the Ghorepani Poon Hill trek and the Modi Khola Valley trek. Both of these routes are unique on their own to offer you a mesmerizing trekking experience. Let’s hike through them in detail.  

The Ghorepani Poon Hill Route

If you are looking for a shorter route, then the Ghorepani Poon Hill route is an ideal option for you. By selecting this route, you can complete the Annapurna base camp trek in about five to seven days.  

You will commence your trek from Nayapul and it takes you through picturesque villages such as Tikhedhunga, Ghorepani, and Tadapani. These villages are inhabited by authentic Gurung and Magar groups, and you get to experience their unique culture. The villagers are friendly, so we encourage you to talk with them on your way. This presents you with an opportunity to learn about exciting life under the shadows of the Himalayas. 

On the route, you will also pass through beautiful rhododendron forests which keeps you delighted all the way. However, the key highlight of this trek is the hike up to Poon Hill, from where you can witness the spectacular sunrise over the Himalayas. 

To rate the difficulty level, the Annapurna base camp trek through Ghorepani Poon Hill is moderately difficult. You can complete it with a fine level of physical fitness. We recommend choosing the time during the spring or autumn for easier and more comfortable trekking. In those seasons, the weather is stable too, offering breathtaking scenic views.  

What to expect in terms of food and lodging?  

Worried about food and lodging facilities on the route? Well, do not worry at all. For your delight, the Annapurna trekking through this route consists of plenty of teahouses and lodges. All of them offer basic yet comfortable accommodations with a wide variety of foods to select from. From local to western dishes, all the foods taste good. We recommend you try traditional Nepali dal bhat (Lentil soup and rice) to learn local tastes. Otherwise, western dishes such as pasta, pizza, and pancakes are always available too.  

In terms of accommodation, all the teahouses and lodges provide clean and cozy rooms with shared bathrooms; and most with hot showers. And, the price is reasonable too. However, be mindful, the accommodations are busy during the peak seasons. So, it is a wise idea to reserve the lodges ahead to ensure you get the best-facilitated rooms.  

The Modi Khola Valley Trek

Annapurna Base camp trekking following the Modi Khola Valley trek is ideal if you are ok with the extended trekking period. Following this route, you will take around 10 to 14 days to complete the trek. It means you have ample time and opportunity to explore the remote and preserved parts of the Annapurna region. However, it is a relatively challenging route that takes you through remote and rugged terrain. So, prepare yourself accordingly.  

Just like the Ghorepani Poon Hill route, you will commence your trek from Nayapul and will pass through the same trekking trails until you arrive at Tadapani. From Tadapani, the trail diverges and passes through the Modi Khola Valley. The trekking trails take you through the villages of Chomrong, Bamboo, Dovan, and Deurali, which too are inhibited by Gurung and Magar groups. The key highlight of this route is the panoramic view of the Annapurna massif from the trekking trails. The view is jaw-dropping that clicks an image in your mind to relish life-long.  

Additionally, you have more space for yourself as the route is less crowded comparatively. This makes the route perfect for those who love to trek in a quieter environment. Once again, the spring and autumn season ranks as the best time for trekking through this route too. Thanks to stable weather and clearer skies provide unobstructed views of snow-capped mountains.  

What to expect in terms of food and lodging?  

Now you know that the Annapurna base camp trek following the Modi Khola Valley route is more remote and less crowded, you can expect there to be fewer lodges and teahouses comparatively. However, the available accommodations do provide you with quality food and accommodation services. 

Though the food options on this route are more basic than the alternative route, you will still find a variety of local and western food options. The accommodations are also clean and facilitated with bathrooms and hot showers. 

Overall, the food and lodging on the Modi Khola Valley trek are more limited than on the Ghorepani Poon Hill route. However, you will enjoy the unique experience of staying in off-the-beaten teahouses. However, be mindful that fewer lodges and accommodations mean that pre-planning is crucial, especially during busy seasons.  

Cost to Trek to Annapurna Base Camp

The cost to trek to Annapurna Base Camp varies based on your chosen option from the above routes for the trekking. In addition, other major factors that influence your trekking cost include transportation, accommodations, food, trekking gear and equipment, and other additional expenses such as hiring a porter or guide.   

Your transportation cost to arrive at the starting point of the trekking route depends on your chosen transportation mode. You have options to transport via flight or bus to the trekking start point. If you are planning to fly, then you will be required to add up the budget for flights to and from Kathmandu and Pokhara. However, if you prefer to drive, then the cost is significantly lower with extended traveling time.  

As we discussed earlier, you require to obtain several permits for the ABC trek and you will have to spend on the permission fee too. Also, the fee varies according to your nationality for both ACAP and TIMS permits.  

One of the major factors to influence your budget is lodging and food cost during your trek. Your spending here depends on your chosen accommodation and food service. You can expect to spend from $5 to $15 per night for a room. For food prices, in general, you will spend around $3 to $5 for a meal.  

The other big factor to influence your budget is trekking gear and equipment, which you can either purchase or rent. The total budget will vary according to your packing list and the quality of gear. Some of the must-bring items include hiking shoes, warm and waterproof clothes, a fleece jacket, and gloves.  

On average, you are likely to spend around $1000 to $1500 depending on your personal preference, trekking length, and season. It is also important to note that your trekking expenses will be higher when you trek individually compared to trekking in a group. This is because trekking in a group means you will share the fee for hiring guides, porters, and hotels. In addition, many trekking agencies offer good discounts for group travelers, which also saves you a lot.   


Considering the estimated cost, trekking to Annapurna Base camp requires less spending compared to other Himalayan trekking in Nepal. So, you can tag it as budget-friendly trekking. However, the experience you get from this low-budget trekking is nonetheless better than other high-cost trekking adventures in Nepal.  

ABC trek in Nepal presents unforgettable experiences that mesmerize you with an awesome combination of natural beauty, cultural immersion, and physical adventure. Walking through the diverse landscapes with a range of scenic-trekking routes to choose from, it couldn’t get any better to witness some of the world’s most magnificent peaks, including the iconic Annapurna massif. To add, you have the option to choose the trekking duration by selecting the different routes. So, you do not have to miss the opportunity to witness Himalayan beauty just because you are limited by time. 

Though ABC trek offers you an opportunity to experience exceptional Himalayan regions in a short duration, it can be challenging. This is why it is crucial that you choose an experienced and reliable trekking agency that assures safety and comfort. Hillary Step Treks is the best trekking agency in Nepal to offer you the best possible trekking experience in the Annapurna region while ensuring safety. We take care of everything, from arranging the best logistics and obtaining permits to securing the best accommodation and food throughout your journey. So, you can just focus on living every moment in nature while enjoying the jaw-dropping scenic views that will create a memory to cheer forever. Contact Hillary Step Treks today.  


How difficult is Annapurna Base Camp Trek?

Trek to Annapurna Base Camp is considered moderately difficult trekking. You will pass through the trekking trails with steep ascents and descents in the high-altitude regions. So, it does provide you with some challenges. However, it can be completed by anyone with the right preparation, planning, and training.  

Is Annapurna Base Camp for beginners?

Though Annapurna Base camp can be challenging, it does not require you to have previous trekking experience. Beginners can also complete the Annapurna Base camp trek. However, proper preparation and training are required to avoid challenges and risks.   

Which month to trek to Annapurna Base Camp?

Autumn (September to November) and spring seasons (March to May), in particular, are considered the best times to do the Annapurna base camp trek. These months provide you with comfortable temperatures with clear weather.   

Is Annapurna harder than K2?

Annapurna Base Camp trek is considered moderately difficult trekking. You can easily achieve it with basic physical fitness and training. On the other hand, K2 is considered one of the most challenging peaks to climb in the world. It requires you to have good technical climbing skills and experience. Therefore, Annapurna trekking is not harder than K2.  

Do you need oxygen to climb Annapurna?

You are not required to carry oxygen cylinders for the ABC trek. However, altitude sickness may be an issue for some and they may need supplemental oxygen. Therefore, it is a good option to take an oxygen supplement, though it is not mandatory.  

What fitness level do you need for Annapurna Base Camp?

Annapurna base camp trek requires a good level of fitness. This is because you will be walking for 4 to 6 hours each day and trekking trails involve steep ascents and descents. With good physical fitness, it is easy for you to eliminate or reduce challenges on trekking trails.

Hillary Treks

My name is Hillary. Since completing the Government Guide Training from Nepal's Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation (KEEP and HRA), I have been a specialist in mountain trekking and peak climbing. With specific expertise in the Nepal, Tibet, and Bhutan regions, I have now been a trekking guide and tour operator in Nepal, and across the Himalayas, since 2012.