Everest Base Camp Trek: A Complete Trekking Guide 2023/2024

11 Aug 2023 hillaryadmin


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Everest Base Camp Trek Overview

Trekking to Everest Base Camp is a cherished dream for nature lovers and adventurers alike. The journey is a thrilling ride through Sherpa villages, lush forests, blooming rhododendrons, and glacial landscapes. Sagarmatha National Park is a haven of diverse plants, animals, and endangered species. Immerse yourself in Sherpa culture, visit ancient monasteries, and enjoy the serenity of Namche Bazaar and Dingboche for rest and acclimatization. Explore iconic monasteries such as Tengboche and Pangboche Monasteries. Witness mules and yaks carrying supplies along the trail, and be awe-struck by the mesmerizing Khumbu Glacier and Icefall. Gaze at the world’s highest peaks including Mt. Everest, catch sunrise from Kala Patthar, and share stories with friendly locals at cozy teahouses. Hillary Step Treks has carefully crafted this journey for you to create timeless memories while experiencing the iconic Everest Base Camp.

Highlights of Everest Base Camp Trek

• Thrilling flight over stunning Himalayan vistas: Kathmandu to Lukla

• Encounter diverse plants, animals, and endangered species in Sagarmatha National Park

• Immerse in Sherpa culture at the colorful Namche Bazaar

• Rest and acclimate in Namche Bazaar and Dingboche

• Explore iconic Tengboche and Pangboche Monasteries

• Marvel at the grandeur of Khumbu Glacier

• Witness the awe-inspiring sunrise on Mt. Everest from Kala Patthar

• Journey through rhododendron forests, terraced fields, and ancient monasteries

Everest Base Camp Trek Permits

Pasang Lhamu Rural Municipality Fee

ForeignersNPR 2000/person
SAARC NationalsNPR 1000/person

Sagarmatha National Park Fee

ForeignersNPR 3000/person
SAARC NationalsNPR 1500/person

Trekkers Information Management System (TIMS)

ForeignersNPR 2000/person
SAARC NationalsNPR 1000/person
Foreign Officials & their familiesNPR 500/person

Best Season for Everest Base Camp Trek

Spring (March to May):

  • Best for Everest Base Camp trek.
  • Stable, pleasant weather suitable for all trekkers.
  • Colorful rhododendrons bloom along the trail.
  • Warmer days and cooler nights for comfortable hiking.
  • Clear skies provide breathtaking mountain views, including Everest.
  • Teahouses are operational for resting, and extended daylight hours for leisurely treks.

Monsoon (June to August):

  • Challenging trekking conditions due to rain and unpredictable weather.
  • Not recommended for Everest Base Camp exploration.
  • Trails become muddy and slippery, and views are covered by mist.
  • Accommodations are less crowded, but experienced trekkers with proper gear can explore.
  • Opportunity for adventure in wet and challenging conditions for experienced trekkers.

Autumn (September to November):

  • An ideal time for the Everest Base Camp trek.
  • Post-monsoon season with favorable weather and stunning views.
  • Dry trails for manageable hikes, and comfortable cooler temperatures.
  • Proper gear ensures warmth during cold nights at higher altitudes.
  • Clear skies provide exceptional visibility of Everest and surrounding peaks.
  • Fully operational teahouses, well-maintained trails, and captivating landscapes.

Winter (December to February):

  • Cold and challenging conditions in the Everest region.
  • Extreme low temperatures, snowy and icy trails.
  • Recommended for experienced and well-prepared trekkers.
  • Fewer visitors, providing a unique and serene experience.
  • Snow-covered landscapes create picturesque winter scenery.
  • Clear winter skies offer unobstructed mountain views.
  • Limited teahouse services and self-sufficiency are required.
  • Essential winter gear like insulated clothing and sturdy footwear is crucial for safety and comfort.

Accommodation on the Everest Base Camp Trek

Cost of teahouse accommodation:

Teahouse accommodation cost varies. Approximately it may cost USD 10-15 a day.

Shower on EBC Trek: 

Limited shower availability on EBC Trek. Approximately it may cost USD 4-6


Charging facilities are available mostly in lower regions at teahouses. Approximately it may cost USD 3-5.

Meals on the Everest Base Camp Trek

  • Meals on the trek are wholesome and energizing.
  • Nepali Dal Bhat and Sherpa Stew are staple dishes for stamina.
  • Namche Bazaar offers international cuisine options.
  • Teahouses provide breakfast, lunch, and dinner.
  • Prices increase with altitude.
  • Follow trekking specialists for safe and nutritious meals.

Packing List for the Everest Base Camp Trek

Head: Beanies, ear warmers, sunhat, scarf, Headlights, spare batteries

Face: UV sunglasses, sunscreen, dust masks, lip balm, Face/body wipes

Upper Body: Thermal base layer, trekking shirt, insulation, fleece, warm jacket,

Gloves, waterproof jacket, Lightweight T-shirt

Legs & Boots: Trekking pants (2 pairs), waterproof jacket, Trekking boots, sports shoes

Gaiters, crampons (if needed) Slippers, thermal leggings underwear, thick socks

Essentials: Trekking pole, sleeping bag, towels, raincoat, water bottle, Backpack or day pack

Toiletries: Quick-drying towel, toilet paper, Toothbrush, toothpaste, soap, Shampoo, small mirror, nail cutter

Personal Accessories: Money, camera, phone, watch, Power bank, extra camera batteries

Extras: Diary, pen, books, Extra passport copy, photos, binoculars, first aid kit

Note: The provided list can be adjusted based on individual needs and the specific requirements of different seasons.

Is Travel Insurance necessary for the Everest Base camp trek?

Yes, Travel Insurance is essential for the Everest Base Camp trek. It offers protection against medical expenses, emergencies, and luggage issues. Ensure coverage for altitudes above 4000 meters, medical situations, theft, and evacuations. Prioritize getting suitable insurance for a worry-free trek experience.

How difficult is the Everest Base Camp Trek?

The Everest Base Camp trek is moderately difficult and requires acclimatization. Experience in Himalayan trekking makes it easier. Begin with short hikes carrying a 10/15-kilo backpack before tackling high-elevation trails. Proper guides and planning make the trek manageable for all fitness levels. Good willpower and a positive attitude suit, but better fitness enhances the experience. First-timers benefit from a guide and porter’s assistance.

How to hike to Mount Everest Base Camp?

A safe Everest Base Camp trek involves detailed preparation, gradual acclimatization, and following expert guidance. Plan an itinerary with rest days, use a reputable trekking agency, and prioritize safety for a successful hike.

Where to stay before and after the EBC trek?

Stay in Kathmandu before and after the EBC trek, offering a variety of accommodations to suit different budgets and preferences.

Guides and Porters on EBC

Our expert guides prioritize safety, equipped with gear and first-aid kits. Our acclimatization-focused itinerary ensures successful journeys. Trust our professionals for a smooth, safe, and memorable experience, including knowledgeable porters with insurance coverage.

Tipping the porter and guide on EBC

You can show gratitude to guides and porters for their services. While it’s flexible, a common recommendation is to tip around 10% of your trekking expenses.

How to reach Everest Base Camp?

You can reach Everest Base Camp in various ways. They are mentioned below:

  • Take a scenic flight from Kathmandu to Lukla as the starting point.
  • During peak seasons, Manthali Airport is the best way to reach EBC.
  • Embark on treks from Phaplu or Jiri for alternative routes to Everest Base Camp.
  • Opt for a thrilling helicopter ride for a unique perspective of the trek or you have limited time.

How cold is it at Everest Base Camp?

Everest Base Camp temperatures vary significantly. Hence, adequate preparation for varying temperature ranges is essential. The temperature is as follows:

  • Spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November) daytime: 10°C to 20°C (50°F to 68°F).
  • Higher altitudes and nighttime bring substantial temperature drops.
  • Night-time temperatures can drop from -10°C to -20°C (14°F to -4°F) or lower, especially in winter (December to February).

Acute Mountain Sickness

Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) or altitude sickness is a condition that can occur when ascending to higher altitudes too quickly, leading to a lack of oxygen in the body.

Some Common Symptoms of AMS

Some common symptoms include headaches, nausea, breathlessness, and vomiting; severe cases may lead to hallucinations and unconsciousness.

Common Prevention

Inform guides of symptoms during the Everest Base Camp trek. Prevent altitude sickness with these tips:

  • Warm up and stretch before starting each day.
  • Stay hydrated, aiming for a liter per hour walked.
  • Rest well, avoid overexertion, and ascend slowly.
  • Maintain a balanced diet, and limit salt and alcohol.
  • Consult guides for altitude sickness capsules if needed.
  • Descend if severely uncomfortable.

Is a Private Trip Possible for Everest Base Camp Trek?

Yes, a private trip is possible for the Everest Base Camp trek but you must be accompanied by a licensed guide.

Is Natural water drinkable on Everest Trail?

Yes, natural drinking water is available but it isn’t advised to drink due to contamination risks. Use purified water from teahouses at an additional cost or apply water purification methods for safety.

Do you get Fresh Food in Everest Base Camp Trek?

Yes, fresh food is available at teahouses along the Everest Base Camp trek, offering a mix of local and international dishes for trekkers. Stick to freshly prepared meals for the best nourishment and energy.

What kind of Foods Does Everest Base Camp Teahouses Serve?

Everest Base Camp teahouses offer traditional Nepali dishes like dal-bhat and momo, along with international options like pasta, pizza, pancakes, and eggs. Snacks, the bakery at Namche, and beverages (coffee, honey-ginger tea, etc.) are also available, catering to trekkers’ needs.

What Currency do I need during the EBC Trek?

Nepalese currency (NPR) is recommended for convenient transactions on the EBC trek, although USD is widely accepted.

Is a solo trip possible for Everest Base Camp Trek?

A solo trip is only possible when you are accompanied by a licensed guide.

Are there Mobile or Camera Charging Facilities in the mountain?

Yes, there are mobile and camera charging facilities in the mountain with additional charges.

What to do when Kathmandu to Lukla Flight gets canceled?

In the event of a Kathmandu to Lukla flight cancellation, consider these steps:

  • Communicate with your trekking agency or guide for guidance and updates.
  • Be prepared for potential delays and flexibility in your schedule.
  • Check with the airline for rescheduling options or refunds.
  • Explore alternative transportation options, such as helicopters or ground transportation if available.
  • Stay informed about weather conditions and airport status before making any decisions.

EBC Trek Route Variations

Gokyo Renjola Pass Trek: Explore the Gokyo Renjo La Pass route for breathtaking views and serene lakes.

Trek Route:  Lukla-Namche-Gokyo Lake- Renjo la pass

Everest Three High Passes Trek: Embark on the Everest Three High Passes Trek for an adventurous circuit of Everest’s peaks.

Trek Route:  Kathmandu-Lukla-Namche-3Passes-EBC

Island Peak Expeditions: Consider Island Peak Expeditions for a challenging climb that offers breathtaking views of Ama Dablam and surrounding mountains, and requires technical skills.

Trek Route:  Lukla-Namche-Chukung-Island Peak

Hillary Classical Trek: Hillary Classical Trek from Jiri to Everest Base Camp offers a high-altitude adventure for experienced trekkers, rewarding with stunning mountain views and following the historic EBC trail.

Trek Route:   Jiri-Bhandar-Lukla-Namche-EBC

Visit a Sherpa Village: Experience the local culture with a Sherpa Village visit along the EBC route.

Trek Route:  Lukla-Namche-Tengboche- EBC

FAQs for Everest Base Camp Trek

Where is Everest Base Camp (EBC)?

Everest Base Camp (EBC) is located in the Himalayas of Nepal, near the border with Tibet. The base camp serves as a starting point for climbers attempting to summit Mount Everest and is a popular trekking spot. The South Base Camp is in Nepal at 5,364 meters (17,598 feet) altitude (28°0′26″N 86°51′34″E).

2) EBC Distance, Elevation Gain & Duration


The distance to Everest Base Camp (EBC) varies depending on the trekking route taken. The most common route starts from Lukla. Due to the mountainous terrain and the winding trail, the trekking distance is usually around 130 kilometers (80 miles) round trip.

Elevation Gain

The maximum elevation gain during the Everest Base Camp trek is at an elevation of 5,644.5 m at Kala Patthar followed by Everest Base Camp at an elevation of 5,364 m.


The trek duration takes around 12 to 14 days to reach EBC and return to Lukla. The trek duration can vary based on the specific path taken, side trips, and individual pace.

Is the Everest Base Camp trek worth it?

Absolutely, the trek offers breathtaking views and a unique adventure in the Himalayas.

Can a beginner climb the Everest base camp trek?

Yes, with proper preparation and guidance, beginners can attempt the trek.

Is it hard to breathe at Everest Base Camp?

Yes, due to the high altitude, oxygen levels are lower, making breathing challenging.

Do phones work in Everest Base Camp?

Limited mobile reception is available at some points, but coverage can be unreliable.

Can you fly Drone around Everest Base Camp Trek?

Drone flights are actually restricted in the Everest region to protect the environment and privacy. But one must take permission from the authority to fly a drone.

What makes the Everest base camp hike special?

The stunning landscapes, rich culture, and majestic snow-capped mountains including the world’s highest Mt. Everest.

Where is the Everest base camp trek located?

It is in the Khumbu region of Nepal, near the border with Tibet.

What is the best Everest guidebook?

A Trekker’s Guide Everest” by Radek Kucharski is one of the best Everest guidebooks.

How high is the Everest base camp?

It’s at an altitude of about 5,364 meters (17,598 feet).

How much does it cost to trek to Everest Base Camp?

The Everest Base Camp trek cost varies considering the number of trekkers, and the trek duration. Individual costs range from USD 1450 for one person to USD 1200 per person for a group of three, over a 14-day trek with Hillary Step Treks.

Can you trek to Everest Base Camp independently or without a guide/support?

Independent trekking is not possible as a compulsory guide is required. It is best for safety and local insights.

Should I join a guided EBC trek/group?

Yes, a guided EBC trek/group is suggested for better EBC trek experiences and safety.

When is the best time to hike to Everest Base Camp?

The best times are spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November).

How difficult is the Everest Base Camp Trek?

It’s moderately challenging due to altitude, terrain, and duration.

Do I need a visa or permit for the EBC Trek?

Yes, a tourist visa to enter Nepal and specific trekking permits (Special permits, TIMS, and National park permits) are required.

Will I get altitude sickness on the trek to Mt Everest base camp?

Altitude sickness in the mountains is common. Thus, with proper acclimatization and rest and with maintained pace altitude sickness is preventable.

Can you see Mount Everest from its base camp?

No, you cannot see Mount Everest from its base camp.

Do I need to take oxygen on the Everest Base Camp trek?

No, you do not require oxygen for the Everest Base Camp trek.

Is a Guide Mandatory to Trek to Everest Base Camp in 2023?

Yes, a licensed guide is mandatory to trek to Everest Base Camp in 2023.

Which is the Closest Airport to Everest?

Lukla Airport is the closest airport, often used as the starting point for the EBC trek.

Can you see Mt Everest from Kala Patthar?

Yes, Kala Patthar is the vantage point to see Mt. Everest.

What are other popular names for Mt Everest?

The other popular names for Mt. Everest are Sagarmatha, Chomolungma, Qomolangma, Zhumulangma, and Peak XV.

How safe is it to trek to Everest Base Camp?

Trekking in the mountains is demanding. But, with proper preparation, guides, and precautions, it can be a safe adventure.

Why hire a local guide for the Everest Base Camp trek?

Hire a local guide because local guides offer valuable knowledge, support, and you can contribute to the local economy.

How to book your Everest Base Camp Trek with Us?

  • Send us your documents via WhatsApp or Email after making the advance deposit.
  • Provide a copy of your passport, passport-size photos, and flight details (arrival and departure dates).
  • Ensure your travel insurance covers emergency evacuation.

For more information, reach out to us via email or WhatsApp.

Everest Base Camp Trek Map


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